Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2010 Nov;40(6):1103-19.
Lyme borreliosis in dogs and cats: background, diagnosis,
treatment and prevention of infections with Borrelia burgdorferi
Krupka I, Straubinger RK.
Bacteriology and Mycology, Institute for Infectious Diseases and
Zoonoses, Department of Veterinary Sciences,
Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Veterinarstrasse 13, 80539 Munich,
Lyme borreliosis (LB), synonymous with the often-used term Lyme
disease, is an infectious disease caused by the spirochetal
bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. LB is the most frequent
vector-borne disease in humans in the Northern Hemisphere.
In animals, clinically apparent disease is found primarily in
dogs. Severe polyarthritis, fever and lameness in dogs are
reported from the main endemic areas of North America: the New
England States, and eastern parts of the United States; several
cases of LB are also seen in California and the Midwest. Because
of the difficulties in finding sufficient indicative clinical
signs, additional information (detailed case history, laboratory
testing for antibodies) is especially important to make the
clinical diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis. This article reviews the
etiology, diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of LB.
Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PMID: 20933139 [PubMed - in process]
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