Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2010 Oct 25. [Epub ahead of print]
Bartonella henselae and the Potential for Arthropod Vector-Borne
Mosbacher ME, Klotz S, Klotz J, Pinnas JL.
1 Third World Veterinary, Fountain Hills, Arizona.
Abstract Introduction: Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of the
illness referred to as cat scratch disease, is a common infection,
particularly in children, and clinicians need to be aware of its
potential transmission to humans by arthropod vectors such as fleas and
ticks in addition to animal bites and scratches. The absence of a
vertebrate bite or scratch does not preclude infection with B. henselae.
Materials and Methods: Literature regarding arthropod transmission of B.
henselae was reviewed. Results: B. henselae appears to be transmitted
among cats and dogs in vivo exclusively by arthropod vectors (excepting
perinatal transmission), not by biting and scratching. In the absence of
these vectors disease does not spread. On the other hand, disease can be
spread to humans by bites and scratches, and it is highly likely that it
is spread as well by arthropod vectors. Discussion: Clinicians should be
aware that a common illness, infection with B. henselae, can be
transmitted by arthropod vectors and a history of an animal scratch or
bite is not necessary for disease transmission.
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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