*

Featured Post

Nutrition and Hormonal Balance

  Good Morning,  Nutrition and Hormonal Balance As an acupuncturist in the area of fertility, I realize tha...

Subscribe Updates via email

Subscribe Updates via email

Enter your email address:

Thursday, May 19, 2011

[AlternativeAnswers] The expanding Lyme Borrelia complex--clinical significance of genomic species?

 




Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Apr;17(4):487-93. doi:
10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03492.x.

The expanding Lyme Borrelia complex--clinical significance of genomic
species?

Stanek G, Reiter M.

Source

Institute for Hygiene and Applied Immunology, Medical University of
Vienna, Vienna, Austria. _gerold.stanek@meduniwien.ac.at_
(mailto:gerold.stanek@meduniwien.ac.at)
Abstract

Ten years after the discovery of spirochaetes as agents of Lyme disease
in 1982 in the USA, three genomic species had diverged from the
phenotypically heterogeneous strains of Borrelia burgdorferi isolated in
North America and Europe: Borrelia afzelii, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto
(further B. burgdorferi), and Borrelia garinii. Whereas B. burgdorferi
remained the only human pathogen in North America, all three species are
aetiological agents of Lyme borreliosis in Europe. Another seven
genospecies were described in the 1990s, including species from Asia
(Borrelia japonica, Borrelia turdi, and B. tanukii), North America
(Borrelia andersonii), Europe (Borrelia lusitaniae and Borrelia
valaisiana), and from Europe and Asia (Borrelia bissettii). Another
eight species were delineated in the years up to 2010: Borrelia sinica
(Asia), Borrelia spielmanii (Europe), Borrelia yangtze (Asia), Borrelia
californiensis, Borrelia americana, Borrelia carolinensis (North
America), Borrelia bavariensis (Europe), and Borrelia kurtenbachii
(North America). Of these 18 genomic species B. afzelii, B. burgdorferi
and B. garinii are the confirmed agents of localized, disseminated and
chronic manifestations of Lyme borreliosis, whereas B. spielmanii has
been detected in early skin disease, and B. bissettii and B. valaisiana
have been detected in specimens from single cases of Lyme borreliosis.
The clinical role of B. lusitaniae remains to be substantiated.

© 2011 The Authors. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2011 European
Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

PMID:
21414082
[PubMed - in process]

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

__._,_.___
Recent Activity:
*********************************************
Peacefulmind.com Sponsors Alternative Answers-

HEALING NATURALLY- Learn preventative and curative measure to take for many ailments at:

http://www.peacefulmind.com/ailments.htm
____________________________________________

-To INVITE A FRIEND to our healing community, copy and paste this address in an email to them:

http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/AlternativeAnswers/subs_invite

___________________________________________
To ADD A LINK, RESOURCE, OR WEBSITE to Alternative Answers please Go to:

http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/AlternativeAnswers/links

_____________________________________________
Community email addresses:
  Post message: AlternativeAnswers@yahoogroups.com
  Subscribe:    AlternativeAnswers-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
  Unsubscribe:  AlternativeAnswers-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com
  List owner:   AlternativeAnswers-owner@yahoogroups.com
_________________________________________
Shortcut URL to this page:
  http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/AlternativeAnswers
MARKETPLACE

Get great advice about dogs and cats. Visit the Dog & Cat Answers Center.


Stay on top of your group activity without leaving the page you're on - Get the Yahoo! Toolbar now.

.

__,_._,___
Post a Comment