J Med Entomol. 2010 Sep;47(5):707-22.
The Gulf Coast tick: a review of the life history, ecology,
distribution, and emergence as an arthropod of medical and
Teel PD, Ketchum HR, Mock DE, Wright RE, Strey OF.
Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station,
TX 77843, USA.
The Gulf Coast tick, Amblyomma maculatum Koch (Acari: Ixodidae),
is a unique univoltine ectoparasite of seven vertebrate host
classes in the Western Hemisphere that is increasingly recognized
as a pest of livestock and wildlife, a vector of pathogens to
humans and canines, and a putative vector of Ehrlichia
ruminantium, the causal agent of heartwater, a fatal foreign
animal disease of ruminants resident in the Caribbean. This
review assembles current and historical literature encompassing
the biology, ecology, and zoogeography of this tick and provides
new assessments of changes in cyclical population distribution,
habitat associations, host utilization, seasonal phenology, and
life history. These assessments are pertinent to the emergence of
A. maculatum as a vector of veterinary and medical importance,
and its pest management on livestock and other animals.
PMID: 20939363 [PubMed - in process]
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